Perryville to Annapolis

3 Nov 1861

Perryville, Maryland was a divided town in a divided state with over 800 slaves in Cecil County at the beginning of the Civil War. The tensions in the eastern portion of Maryland rose considerably after Confederate supporters attacked Union soldiers as they passed through Baltimore on April 19, 1861. Railroads were destroyed and bridges were burned crippling ground transportation to areas south of the city. As a result, Perryville became a major staging and transportation hub for Union regiments moving to Annapolis and other points south. It was the end point for Union-controlled rail transportation to the south. Supplies and troops were transferred from rail upon reaching Perryville to water transportation. By the time Oliver Case and the troops of the 8th Connecticut reached just before midnight on November 2, 1861, the system for moving soldiers through the city was well established. The soldiers were given only a few hours of sleep in the depot before receiving the command to “fall in” and prepare to board the transport ships for the trip down the Chesapeake.

So, on the morning of November 3, 1861, the 8th CVI loaded the boats and departed Perryville heading down the Chesapeake Bay bound for Annapolis.

5 Nov 1861

The 8th CVI arrives at Annapolis after what Oliver describes as “a very pleasant trip down the Chesapeake.” For the first two nights, the troops are billeted in the buildings of St. John’s College which was confiscated by the Union Army at the beginning of the war to be used as a transition station for units heading south or to a camp of instruction at Camp Hicks near Annapolis. Camp Hicks is named for Maryland’s wartime governor. It is somewhat ironic that Camp Hicks received its name from the first of two wartime governors of the state of Maryland. Thomas Holliday Hicks was, at best, a politician attempting to play both sides of the issues deeply dividing the northern and southern states at the beginning of the war. In early 1861, Hicks worked to portray Maryland as a sort of neutral state that would not become involved in the dispute. He addressed the citizens of his state in January of 1861:

I firmly believe that a division of this Government would inevitably produce civil war. The secession leaders in South Carolina, and the fanatical demagogues of the North, have alike proclaimed that such would be the result, and no man of sense, in my opinion, can question it.[1]

This became an untenable position after President Lincoln called for volunteers from the states including Maryland in April of 1861. The governor also struggled to maintain his credibility with Lincoln after he appeared to side with Confederate supporters during the aftermath of the Baltimore riots, also in April 1861.

       

Governor Thomas Holliday Hicks (1798-1865) of Maryland

Hicks would find redemption with the administration by helping to avoid the movement of Maryland toward secession by moving the General Assembly from Annapolis to Frederick in April of 1861 ensuring a vote for Maryland to remain in the Union. The governor claimed that he relocated the assembly to Frederick for “safety and comfort of the members.”[2]

The city of Annapolis had just recently been occupied by Union soldiers and Governor Hicks expressed concerns that the southern sympathies of eastern Maryland combined with the displeasure of the citizens at the military occupation of the city would have a detrimental effect of his efforts to have the state remain in the Union. Oliver Case would soon be on the front line of the efforts to improve relations between the citizens of Annapolis and the Union soldiers.


[1] Frank F. White, Jr., The Governors of Maryland 1777-1970 (Annapolis: The Hall of Records Commission, 1970)

[2] George L. Radcliffe, Governor Thomas Hicks of Maryland and the Civil War (Baltimore, 1901)

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2 thoughts on “Perryville to Annapolis

  1. Pingback: Camp Hicks, Annapolis and a Different Kind of Church « Oliver Cromwell Case

  2. Pingback: St. John’s College « Oliver Cromwell Case

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