Friday 12 September 1862 – New Market and Frederick, Maryland
Up from the meadows rich with corn,
Clear in the cool September morn,
The clustered spires of Frederick stand
Green-walled by the hills of Maryland.
– from “Barbara Frietchie” by John Greenleaf Whittier
8th CVI goes on the march again following along the B&O line for part of the march. Again this day, the wagons and soldiers created a significant impediment to movement along the muddy road. They take a rest halt in New Market before marching into the city of Frederick.
Dr. Lewis H. Steiner, the Inspector of the Sanitary Commission who had remained in Frederick during the Confederate occupation, described the scene in the city on this day:
Martial music is heard in the distance; a regiment of Ohio volunteers makes its appearance and is hailed with most enthusiastic demonstrations of joy. Handkerchiefs are waved, flags are thrown from Union houses, and a new life appears infused into the people. Burnside enters amid vociferous plaudits from every one, and the citizens, with enthusiastic eagerness, devote themselves to feeding the troops and welcoming them to their houses, as their true deliverers from a bondage more debasing than that of the African slave.[i]
Frederick, Maryland 1862
The soldiers of Harland’s Brigade are also well received in the city and move to the grounds of the Hessian barracks.
The Hessian barracks in Frederick Maryland dates from the time of the French and Indian war. Although there is some dispute about the actual date of construction, contemporary accounts indicate that the barracks was built to house the soldiers of General Braddock during the French and Indian war as they marched along on their route to Fort Dusquene. The barracks saw limited use during the Revolutionary War as it was in a state of partial completion but in the years leading up to the Civil War, it was used for various functions. The barracks and it grounds were used as an armory and a silk worm production facility as well as a fairgrounds in the years just prior to the Civil War.
Modern-day photograph of the Hessian Barracks in Frederick, Maryland, home to Oliver Case and the 8th CVI on 12-13 September 1862
During the Civil War, the barracks famously served as a Union hospital after the battle of Antietam. However, prior to the battle of Antietam the grounds of the Hessian barracks served as a campground for many of the Union regiments marching from Washington in pursuit of Robert E Lee’s Army. On September 12, 1862, Oliver Cromwell Case and the soldiers of the 8th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment marched into Frederick and made their camp on the grounds of the Hessian barracks. At this time, the barracks was in use as a hospital for both Union and Confederate soldiers.
Plaque on the outside wall of the Hessian Barracks in Frederick, Maryland
The soldiers of the 8th Connecticut along with the rest of the Army of the Potomac sojourning in the city of Frederick received a warm welcome from the citizens who were glad to be relieved of the occupation by Confederate forces.
Women blessed God and the soldiers, and rushed out to kiss the old flag ; gray-haired men hobbled forth with radiant faces ; and the young shouted their welcome ; while children capered in holiday glee.[ii]
According to several letters from members of the Eighth, many of Frederick’s fair citizenry provided meals and other tokens of appreciation. CPT Marsh recalls in a letter to home:
Where such demonstrations of joy were made at our coming as I never witnessed. Women came rushing up to us screaming and clapping hands and acting as if crazy. One woman seemed determined to throw her arms around my neck and several of officers were kissed by fair ones. The yard and hospital were full of sick rebels 600 of them and 150 of ours left when city was evacuated. The Surgeon came up to our colors and kissed them tears of joy dropping from his eyes. We halted and regit bivouacked in hospital yard for night. I took a walk down through city with Capt. Smith to try and get something eat but at all hotels they were eat out and seemed to be every where by rebels.[iii]
CPT Marsh also recounts being invited into a Frederick home for supper along with CPT Smith of Company E.
I took a walk down through city with Capt. Smith to try and get something eat but at all hotels they were eat out and seemed to be every where by rebels. We inquired at one hotel where got same answer as before “nothing to eat” a gentleman standing by beckoned us to follow him. We did. So when were taken to a fine residence a few streets distance and told to walk in where found table set. Were taken up stairs to wash room where got off some dirt, Then took seats to table and had an excellent supper. Very fine people.[iv]
Charles Buell of Company E remembered “citizens and girls fairly leapt and cried for joy” and that the soldiers were given wine and they had “hot tea and warm biscuit with butter.”[v]
As Oliver and his fellow Connecticut soldiers enjoyed the hospitality of Frederick, General George McClellan made his entrance to the city in fine style. The citizens of Frederick welcomed Little Mac as a liberating hero with citizens turning out to wave flags and present the general with flowers. Many men and women wept openly with joy at his arrival in this pro-Union Maryland town. Oliver and his comrades likely witnessed the grand scene of McClellan’s arrival in Frederick.
General McClellan enters Frederick, Maryland, 12 September 1862
(from Harper’s Weekly, 4 October 1862)
[i] Report of Lewis H. Steiner, M.D., Lewis H. Steiner, Anson D.F. Randolph, New York, 1862.
[ii] The Military and Civil History of Connecticut: The War of 1861-1865, 1868 by W.A. Croffut and John M. Morris, 1868.
[v] Diary of Charles S. Buell, 8th Connecticut, as published on Antietam on the Web, http://antietam.aotw.org/exhibit.php?exhibit_id=369